Tiff was originally created by a company called Aldus, and is now owned by Adobe systems, it is a file format for storing images, including line art and photographs. It was created due to the popularity of scanners and was thought-up to become the standard scanned image file format. It is a popular format for high-colour-depth images and it has also been adapted to accommodate greyscale images.
Tiff is widely popular format for storing the color images of high quality with a great depth of color (including graphics and photos) on a wide variety of computer platforms. It can save images in shades of gray. It is created by specialists from Aidus, which later became a part of Adobe Systems. It is used to scan and recognize text files. The extension correctly interacts with most applications that provide graphics. Tiff-files are the main format of ?? NeXSTEP, where the scan-line images of this extension were borrowed from Mac OS.
A TIFF file is made up of many different blocks which define the palette data or the LZW-compressed body among other things. The byte order is either Motorola or Intel depending on the first word. if it is MM, then you have Motorola byte ordering and likewise if it is II it means you have Intel byte ordering. Each TIFF file begins with an image file header which then points to an image file directory which contains the image data and image information.
Tiff-files can be stored in the formats of Intel or Motorola, which is determined by the first word - II and MM respectively. This is due to the peculiarities of these processors: Intel reads and writes numbers from right to left, Motorola in reverse order. The format is cross-platform and does not require specialized software. They are correctly displayed by popular graphic editors like Adobe Photoshop or CorelDRAW Graphics. Tiff-file can be presented in the form of tags that carry information about the image, or a single file executed using the LZW compression algorithm. Each named Tiff data area begins with the image header pointing to the image file in the directory storing the submitted images and information about them.
Aldus, Adobe Systems